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Report | June 2015

Value addition for knitted garments by Indian traditional designs

Indian traditional embroideries are vibrant and flamboyant, stylish and delicate; they can be hand made or can be machine incorporated, feel AN Sai Krishnan, A Thirugnanasambantham and V Chandrasekaran.
Indian traditional designs are the visual art forms produced and prevalent in the Indian subcontinent from third millennium BCE to date. Traditional designs are highly expressive and they reveal the unrestrained free expression of Indian culture. A strong sense of artistic characteristic is the basis of the art and it is explicitly present in the Indian art forms of both in traditional or as well as in modern arts. Traditional designs are handed down from generation to generation in a close knit families or in particular sector in a region retaining the cultural identity and the heritage behind it. In the traditional art forms production techniques are kept away from the general public knowledge. But due to the advent of modern techniques and the revolution in the information technology the secrets and myth behind these techniques are brought into the public domain. Traditional textiles include madhubani painting, warli art, kalamkari printing and traditional embroideries of India to name a few.

Madhubani painting is a style of Indian painting, practiced in the Mithila region of Bihar state of India and in the adjoining Terai region of Nepal. Madhubani literally means language of honey. Basic themes used in this kind of painting are mainly from religious sagas. And also the images of heavenly bodies are freely used. Regarding the colours mainly herbal colors are used and especially basic colours like red, yellow, green, blue, black and white are used. The striking features of Madhubani painting are no empty space is left in the frame. Space remaining after drawing the images is filled with leaves, flowers, birds and also various geometrical shapes and designs. No shading of colors is displayed in these paintings. Double lines are drawn as border and the gap is filled with small horizontal lines or sometimes even with small dots.

The Warli painting is mural art tradition practiced by the warli tribe and their art form dates back to 2500 or 3000 BCE. Their mural paintings are similar to those done between 500 and 10,000 BCE in the rock Shelters of Bhimbetka, in Madhya Pradesh , their extremely rudimentary wall paintings use a very elemental graphic vocabulary: a circle, a triangle and a square and are monosyllabic. The circle and triangle come from their observation of nature, the circle representing the sun and the moon, the triangle derived from mountains and pointed trees. Only the square seems to obey a different logic and seems to be a human invention, indicating a sacred enclosure or a piece of land.

Indian traditional embroideries are vibrant and flamboyant, stylish and delicate it can be hand made or it can be machine incorporated, Indian embroidery leaves one stupefied in its magnificent expression of themes. Kasuti is a traditional embroidery form practiced in the state of Karnataka, India. Kasuti work which is very intricate stitch work involving even putting up to 5,000 stitches by hand and is traditionally made on the sarees. The name Kasuti is derived from the words Kai (meaning hand) and Suti (meaning cotton), indicating an activity that is practiced on cotton using hand needles. Features of Kasuti are the motifs are stitched by hand, without the use of outlines, patterns, or tracing. There are no knots used in Kasuti, so both sides of the fabric will look similar. Kantha is a traditional embroidery form in which motifs are embroidered using running stitches with colored cotton threads employing beautiful motifs of flowers, animals, birds and geometrical shapes, as well as themes from day today life . The stitching on the cloth gives it a slight wrinkled, wavy sheer sucker effect. Contemporary Kantha is applied to a wider range of garme

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