LANXESS, a specialty chemicals company, has announced addition to its LewaPlus software suite of reverse osmosis (RO) and ion exchange (IX) system dimensioning capabilities. The new module provides system modeling with Desalitech’s Closed Circuit Reverse Osmosis (CCRO) technology and enables the dimensioning of RO systems using the latest available water treatment technology, helping system designers bring their water treatment footprint closer to zero liquid discharge (ZLD) or minimum liquid discharge (MLD) goals.
RO is used for the desalination and purification of water and has been growing rapidly in industrial, municipal and waste water reuse applications. The technology is widely used, especially in areas of water stress such as the American West. The traditional RO process is sometimes limited to recovery levels of 75 to 85 per cent, wherein 15 to 25 per cent of the feed water is not purified and becomes waste. In contrast, the CCRO process now available for modeling in LewaPlus offers recovery rates of up to 98 per cent. This high recovery is achieved by incorporation of a recirculation pump that returns the brine to the membrane feed and provides a high crossflow velocity through the membrane array.
The system operates in two alternating modes: Closed Circuit (CC) mode at 100 per cent recovery and Plug Flow (PF), or flushing mode, at 10 to 50 per cent recovery. During CC operation, permeate is produced at a rate equal to the flow rate from the high-pressure pump. When a desired recovery percentage is reached, the operating mode is switched to PF mode in which concentrated brine is purged from the system and displaced by feed water from the high-pressure pump in a single plug-flow sweep.
The new software module was developed cooperatively by LANXESS Sybron Chemicals and Desalitech Inc. Until now, the modeling of the CCRO process was based on experience values without energetic optimisation, which generally limited CCRO projections for recovery rates and system capabilities.
“The new CCRO module inside LewaPlus allows for rapid and accurate RO system designs utilising the existing performance algorithms and computational techniques that support the good performance of the Lewabrane elements in the RO process,” says Firuza Mir, President of LANXESS Sybron Chemicals. This new module replaces the prior calculation protocol using multiple Excel spreadsheets to approximate system performance. It incorporates the existing graphical user interface, user-friendly layout and linear process logic that is the hallmark of the LewaPlus design software. In addition, the new module includes tabs for power consumption, post-treatment and cost analysis. These additional analyses are available “within a second,” Mir emphasises.
The new CCRO software module follows the same stringent RO membrane design guidelines as traditional RO modules. The process uses conventional RO elements, such as the industry-standard 8-inch diameter x 40 inch long spiral-wound, polyamide-type thin film composite elements as offered in LANXESS’s proven Lewabrane portfolio. Desalitech assembles these standardised parts to create a unique system configuration, which autonomously adapts to feed water changes, unlike the linear, constant filtering process of traditional RO.
Desalitech’s CCRO process reaches much higher recoveries by recycling water through a single-stage membrane array until no further recovery is possible, at which time it discharges the concentrated waste. Constant variations in flow and salinity inhibit fouling and scaling, extending membrane lifespans. Furthermore, the process automatically adapts to variations in feed water conditions in order to maintain set recovery goals.
Nadav Efraty, CEO, Desalitech, says, “Desalitech is helping many Fortune 500 companies and some of the most sophisticated water users on the planet substantially reduce their water consumption and operating costs. We are very excited about working with LANXESS to provide an easy to use and intuitive design software that will enable many organisations to take control of their own water future and do it with a membrane company that is as committed to technical excellence and leadership as themselves.”