Advertise Here [468 W x 60 H pixels]
Cover Story | October 2018

Cotton demand to pick up

Cotton yarn production in India continued to remain sluggish during the 2017-18 registering only a marginal growth of about 0.1 per cent YoY after declining by about 2 per cent during the same period last year.

After increasing by about 2 per cent in cotton season (CS) 2016-17, India’s cotton production is likely to witness a higher growth rate of over 8 per cent in CS 2017-18 with production increasing to 6.4 billion kg during the year on back of increased acreage under cotton with favourable weather conditions. Area under cotton cultivation increased by about 12.8 per cent during CS 2017-18 to 12.3 million hectares.

Cotton prices during the year remained largely stable or increased only marginally on back of higher supply in the market. Going forward, in CS 2018-19, domestic consumption of cotton is expected to marginally improve on back of improvement in exports demand, mainly from China along with higher man-made fibres (MMF) cost due to increasing crude oil prices

In CS 2018-19, CARE Ratings expects cotton prices to marginally pick up from the current levels and remain firm with the new cotton arrivals in the market on back of improved global demand - exports and increased MSP by the government. With limited supply in the market during H1 CS 2018-19 on account of increased orders from China, prices are expected to register a growth of about 5-7 per cent and reach Rs 122-125 per kg during this period and average at about Rs 127-130 per kg for CS 2018-19 registering a YoY growth of about 9-11 per cent. Cotton yarn production in India continued to remain sluggish during the 2017-18 registering only a marginal growth of about 0.1 per cent YoY after declining by about 2 per cent during the same period last year. Subdued export demand along with high cotton prices and availability of MMF led to slower growth of production of cotton yarn. Also, with the goods and services tax (GST) implementation in July 2017, the overall textiles industry faced slowdown. Going forward, in 2018-19, with high cotton prices and sluggish domestic and export demand for cotton yarn, the yarn production is expected to stagnate at the current levels.

Cotton production
In CS 2017-18, India’s production stood at 6.4 billion kg, higher by about 8.3 per cent on a YoY basis due to near normal rainfall in most parts of the country and satisfactory sowing of the crop with increase in acreage under cotton. In CS 2017-18, the acreage under cotton increased by about 12.5 per cent to 12.3 million hectares.

Cotton prices - world
World cotton production is projected to be lower than its consumption for the third year in row. This y supported the cotton prices in CS 2017-18 despite the subdued demand. However, due to the auction of its cotton reserves, demand from China (world’s largest consumer) remained lower and countered the higher price movements. Also, bumper crop in India, China and USA kept the prices largely range bound with limited room for increase.

During CS 2017-18, global cotton prices increased only by about 5.5 per cent YoY to 87.6 US cents per pound after increasing by about 18 per cent YoY during CS 2016-17 on account of increased world supply and subdued demand during the year. Also, low demand from China has increased the availability of the fibre globally putting downward pressure on the prices. China held the state auction of their reserves and sold over 2 million tonnes leading to a decline in their supplies while stocks outside China are expected to moderately increase in the upcoming CS 2018-19.

Cotton prices - domestic
Domestic cotton prices remained range bound during cotton season (October-September) 2017-18 at about Rs 117 per kg on account of subdued demand from the spinners. However, in the last few months (Jun-Aug 2018) domestic prices have witnessed an upward trend by registering a growth of about 7-9 per cent YoY. This temporary increase can be attributed to the pink bollworm attack that created concerns about supplies among farmers in Maharashtra and Telangana and traders along with increased imports from China that doubled its import quota and its tariffs on the US crop in June 2018. Also, the government announced increased MSP for cotton for FY19. Demand from China is expected to improve further on back of falling stockpiles in the country while the production is expected to take a hit on account of frequent hailstorms followed by continuous rains in major cotton producing regions.

Going forward, we expect prices to marginally pick up from the current levels and remain firm with the new cotton arrivals in the market on back of strong exports and increased MSP by the government. According to the Cotton Association of India (CAI) China will be importing around two million bales of cotton from India during the first quarter of the new cotton season 2018-19. This is expected to keep the supply in the domestic market tight. Prices are therefore expected to register a growth of about 5-7 per cent and reach Rs 122-125 per kg during this period and average at about Rs 130 per kg for CS 2018-19.

Typically new crop prices are always higher despite supply increase in the market for a month or so. Subsequently it increases further or drops depending on the daily arrivals and demand from spinners. When arrivals increase in the market, prices fall subsequently and spinners purchase in bulk (three to four months inventory), which leads to subdued demand in following months. Purchasing is completed by March or latest by April-May.

Cotton yarn production
Cotton yarn production in India continued to remain sluggish during the 2017-18 registering only a marginal growth of about 0.1 per cent YoY after declining by about 2 per cent during the same period last year. Cotton yarn production stood at 4,064 million kg during 2017-18. Overall demand for cotton remained low during the year on account of weak exports demand coupled with high cotton prices. Also, derived demand (domestic yarn demand) continues to be sluggish and with substitution taking place from MMF as well as distressed direct yarn exports due to lower demand from China.

Cotton yarn demand & price
Demand: Cotton yarn demand in India continued to remain sluggish during the 2017-18 registering only a marginal growth of about 0.1 per cent YoY after declining by about 2 per cent during the same period last year. Subdued export demand along with high cotton prices and availability of MMF led to slower growth of production of cotton yarn. Also, with the GST implementation in July 2017, the overall textiles industry faced slowdown. Going forward, in 2018-19, with high cotton prices and sluggish domestic and export demand for cotton yarn, the yarn production is expected to stagnate at the current levels.

With the industry now stabilising post demonetisation and the implementation of GST regime, the demand from downstream industry - apparels and made-ups, has only marginally picked up in the last few months. In terms of exports, with lower demand from major importing country China, cotton yarn exports are likely to continue to remain under pressure going forward. China has been increasingly importing cotton yarn from Vietnam instead of India since last few years as exports from India attract a 3.5 per cent duty while Vietnam has duty-free access to Chinese markets. Also, Chinese yarn manufacturers have set up their operations in Vietnam for free flowing trade activities.

Apparel exports to the US witnessed growth of about 5.5 per cent YoY during March 2018 to $1.4 billion during April-July 2018. Garment manufacturers are now replenishing stocks post using up old inventory during implementation of GST. Cotton prices witnessed sharp increase during June-July 2018 and are expected to remain firm for the remaining months of the year. Going forward, with the sanctions by US on Iran coming to play, the crude oil prices are expected to further see an increase, thereby increasing the substitute MMF prices. Hence, Care Ratings expects the demand for cotton yarn to improve during the upcoming season.

In FY18, cotton yarn prices (40’s count) increased by about 8 per cent YoY to Rs 264 per kg despite weak domestic demand on account of the high cotton prices. Similarly, during Q1 FY19, cotton yarn prices continued to increase by about 7 per cent to Rs 270 per kg on back of higher input cotton cost. Also, export demand for cotton yarn has been improving and prices are expected to move in line with the cotton prices.

Components of demand: Steady domestic offtake owing to an improvement in economy will push the overall yarn demand in the long run. Derived demand is expected to be under pressure in the near term but will pick up eventually, as demand for ready-made garments and home textiles from US and EU are expected to recover in 2018. Direct yarn exports could continue to be under pressure in short term. However, in medium to long term decrease in demand from China will be offset by improvement in demand from Bangladesh, Pakistan and Vietnam.

Cotton yarn prices & profitability
Cotton yarn prices have started recovering in the near term, after witnessing a decline in 2015-16 owing to a fall in derived demand and lower cotton prices. However, operating margins of spinners will remain under pressure in the medium term as the increase in cotton yarn prices will be lower than the increase in cotton prices on back of oversupply and subdued demand in the industry. Also, due to expected fall in the demand for cotton yarn, the utilisation rates of the domestic spinners is expected to be lower, which will put further pressure on the margins. Cotton yarn prices are highly volatile due to volatility in the demand (depending on price of the substitute – synthetic yarn), which is majorly impacted by exports of cotton and cotton yarn. Also, any fluctuation in crude oil impacts the prices of the substitute man-made fibres and yarn. India exports around 15-20 per cent of cotton and 30–40 per cent of cotton yarn. Therefore, even a minute change in the exports demand supply scenario will significantly impact domestic prices and thereby the margins of the yarn spinners.

Capacities & investment
Currently, there are 1,804 spinning mills and 205 composite mills under Non-SSI and 1,353 spinning mills under SSI in India. India’s spindle capacity crossed 50 million in March 2015. However, industry currently stands at over 47 million spindles along with 0.6 million rotors and 53,000 looms as of July 2018. Low capacity additions due to volatile demand and prices of cotton and cotton yarn are expected to keep the profitability of yarn spinners under pressure. Capacity addition has slowed down as the industry as many players have stalled their expansion plans till 2021 due to existing overcapacity in the industry, sluggish demand for fabrics and apparels and lower central government benefits due to changes in the Technology Upgradation Fund Scheme (TUFS).

Conclusions
  • With the industry now stabilising post the demonetisation and the implementation of the GST regime, the demand from downstream industry - apparels and made-ups from both domestic and international markets, has only marginally picked up in the last few months.
  • In CS 2018-19, we expect cotton prices to marginally pick up from the current levels and remain firm with the new cotton arrivals in the market on back of strong export demand and increased MSP by the government. With limited supply in the market during H1 CS 2018-19 on account of increased orders from China, prices are expected to register a growth of about 5-7 per cent and reach Rs 122-125 per kg during this period and average at about Rs 127-130 per kg for CS 2018-19 registering a YoY growth of about 9-11 per cent.
  • Also with high cotton prices and sluggish domestic and export demand for cotton yarn, the cotton yarn demand is expected to stagnate at the current levels majorly on account of weak demand from China, which is world’s largest consumer. However, in medium to long term decrease in demand from China will be offset by improvement in demand from Bangladesh, Pakistan and Vietnam.
  • However, cotton yarn demand will be closely monitored due to China’s cotton policy and diminishing stockpiles as well as high crude oil prices that impact the prices of its substitute – MMF.

    Source: Cotton & Cotton Yarn Update –
    Review CS 2017-18 & Outlook CS 2018-19 by CARE Ratings

    Disclaimer: This report is prepared by CARE Ratings Ltd. CARE Ratings has taken utmost care to ensure accuracy and objectivity while developing this report based on information available in public domain. However, neither the accuracy nor completeness of information contained in this report is guaranteed. CARE Ratings is not responsible for any errors or omissions in analysis/inferences/views or for results obtained from the use of information contained in this report and especially states that CARE Ratings has no financial liability whatsoever to the user of this report.

  • Post your comment
    Name:  
    Email:    
    Comments:  
    Verification Code:   Change Image


     
    Advertise Here [728 W x 90 H pixels]
    AB Carter India Pvt Ltd      Angel Mechtronik      Arvind Rub-Web Controls Ltd      Associated Autotex Ancillaries Pvt Ltd      ATE Enterprises Pvt Ltd      B & R Industrial Automation Pvt Ltd      Basant Mechanical Works      Batliboi Ltd      Best Power Equipments India Pvt Ltd      Bharat Beams Pvt Ltd      Bhatt Bros      Condair      Elgi Electric and Industries Ltd      Embee Corporation      Eppinger Tooling Asia Pvt Ltd      Excel Traders      Gandhi Automations Pvt Ltd      Ion Exchange India Ltd      ITEMA WEAVING (INDIA) PVT LTD      Jogindra Industries Pvt Ltd      K.U. Sodalamuthu and Co. Pvt Ltd      Konica Electronics Enterprise      Kusters Calico Machinery Pvt Ltd      Labelmach      Lakshmi Machine works Ltd      Leuze Electronic Pvt Ltd      Loepfe Brothers Ltd (Masterline)      M-Tex Enterprises      Mayur Reeds And Healds Pvt Ltd      Nestling Technologies      Peass Industrial Engineers Pvt Ltd      Phoenix Textile Engineering Pvt Ltd      Prashant West Point Machinery Pvt. Ltd      Premier Evolvics Pvt Ltd      RENMAKCH India Pvt. Ltd      Rieter India Pvt Ltd (Suessen)      Rieter India Pvt. Ltd      Rossari Biotech Ltd      Savio Texcone Pvt Ltd      SB Dye Springs India Pvt Ltd      Schoch Reeds India      South Gujarat Chamber of Commerce & Industry      SRE Corporation      SSM Scharer Schweiter Mettler Ag (Rieter)      Stovec Industries Ltd      Sunrise Industries      Swiss Ribbons Pvt Ltd      Thies GmbH and Co.      Thymas Electronics Pvt Ltd      Truetzschler India Pvt Ltd      Uster Technologies AG      Vetal Hitech Machines Pvt. Ltd      Weavetech Engineering Pvt Ltd      AB Carter India Pvt Ltd      Angel Mechtronik      Arvind Rub-Web Controls Ltd      Associated Autotex Ancillaries Pvt Ltd      ATE Enterprises Pvt Ltd      B & R Industrial Automation Pvt Ltd      Basant Mechanical Works      Batliboi Ltd      Best Power Equipments India Pvt Ltd      Bharat Beams Pvt Ltd      Bhatt Bros      Condair      Elgi Electric and Industries Ltd      Embee Corporation      Eppinger Tooling Asia Pvt Ltd      Excel Traders      Gandhi Automations Pvt Ltd      Ion Exchange India Ltd      ITEMA WEAVING (INDIA) PVT LTD      Jogindra Industries Pvt Ltd      K.U. Sodalamuthu and Co. Pvt Ltd      Konica Electronics Enterprise      Kusters Calico Machinery Pvt Ltd      Labelmach      Lakshmi Machine works Ltd      Leuze Electronic Pvt Ltd      Loepfe Brothers Ltd (Masterline)      M-Tex Enterprises      Mayur Reeds And Healds Pvt Ltd      Nestling Technologies      Peass Industrial Engineers Pvt Ltd      Phoenix Textile Engineering Pvt Ltd      Prashant West Point Machinery Pvt. Ltd      Premier Evolvics Pvt Ltd      RENMAKCH India Pvt. Ltd      Rieter India Pvt Ltd (Suessen)      Rieter India Pvt. Ltd      Rossari Biotech Ltd      Savio Texcone Pvt Ltd      SB Dye Springs India Pvt Ltd      Schoch Reeds India      South Gujarat Chamber of Commerce & Industry      SRE Corporation      SSM Scharer Schweiter Mettler Ag (Rieter)      Stovec Industries Ltd      Sunrise Industries      Swiss Ribbons Pvt Ltd      Thies GmbH and Co.      Thymas Electronics Pvt Ltd      Truetzschler India Pvt Ltd      Uster Technologies AG      Vetal Hitech Machines Pvt. Ltd      Weavetech Engineering Pvt Ltd