Textile Parks: Dream & Reality|
investment requirement of clothing sector by 2012 will be Rs 21, 800 crore, and
will create incremental employment for a 56.40 lakh workforce, of which 28.25
lakh will be semi-skilled, and 11.30 lakh unskilled. Though the Indian textiles
industry has its inherent advantages, infrastructure bottlenecks are a prime
area of concern. With a view to take advantage of the post Multi Fibre
Arrangement scenario, the Apparel Parks for Exports Schemes (APES) and the
Textiles Centre Infrastructure Development Scheme (TCIDS) were launched in 2002.
The objective of APES was to create exclusive export zones of apparel
manufacturing. TCIDS was to modernise and fill in the gaps in the existing
infrastructure at existing major textiles centres, to remove the impediments to
production. The performance of both Apparel Parks and TCIDS was restrained by
the nature of assistance permitted. It was felt that there was a need to review
both the schemes to examine the possibility for making provision for expeditious
implementation of these schemes. Therefore, both the Schemes were subsumed into
a new scheme called the 'Scheme for Integrated Textile Park' in 2005. These
parks would incorporate facilities for spinning, sizing, texturing, weaving,
processing, apparels and embellishments. This scheme is based on the Public
Private Partnership (PPP) model.
During the Tenth Five Year Plan, 30 projects were sanctioned: Andhra Pradesh
(4), Gujarat (7), Maharashtra (6), Tamil Nadu (6), Rajas than (4), Karnataka
(1), Punjab (1) an<;l West Bengal (1). These parks are expected to be set up
by 2008 with an additional investment of Rs 15,434.60 crore. These parks are
likely to generate an annual production of Rs 23,600 crore, and will create more
than half a million new jobs. Additional textiles parks will be set up by 2012.
Some textile parks have come up well in a short time and in some, work is going
on at snail's pace. And overall, still India has miles to go before the textile
parks bring forth tangible results.